CentOS中安装MySQL数据库

1、首先下载MySQL的安装文件,我这里安装的是MySQL5.1.7版本的,

  下载链接:http://pan.baidu.com/share/link?shareid=255483056&uk=924063144

         http://pan.baidu.com/share/link?shareid=269901909&uk=924063144

2、安装MySQL数据库服务器

  进入安装包所在文件夹,执行命令 rpm -ivh MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm 安装MySQL服务器。

  如果报了与原先版本冲突的话,就执行rpm -qa|grep -i mysql命令,会显示已安装的Mysql版本,我的显示mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
这时如果有的话就强制删除:rpm -e –nodeps mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686(因为有包依赖,所以要强制删除)

我的报错提示如下:


MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm
Preparing… ########################################### [
100%]
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/README from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/Index.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/armscii8.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/ascii.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/cp1250.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/cp1251.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/cp1256.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/cp1257.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/cp850.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/cp852.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/cp866.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/dec8.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/geostd8.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/greek.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/hebrew.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/hp8.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/keybcs2.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/koi8r.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/koi8u.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/latin1.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/latin2.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/latin5.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/latin7.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/macce.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/macroman.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/charsets/swe7.xml from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/czech/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/danish/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/dutch/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/english/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/estonian/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/french/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/german/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/greek/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/hungarian/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/italian/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/japanese/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/korean/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/norwegian-ny/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/norwegian/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/polish/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/portuguese/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/romanian/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/russian/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/serbian/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/slovak/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/spanish/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/swedish/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686
file
/usr/share/mysql/ukrainian/errmsg.sys from install of MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm conflicts with file from package mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.i686

这时候再执行rpm -ivh MySQL-server-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm安装即可安装成功。
我这里安装成功了,但是mysql服务无法启动,总是启动失败,后来百度了一下,是因为selinux的原因,只要将selinux关闭就OK了。
关闭selinux:vi /etc/selinux/config 将SELINUX=enforcing 改成SELINUX=disabled 然后重启
关闭selinux之后还是无法启动mysql服务,因为安装的mysql所有者是root,在安装mysql的时候会创建一个用户mysql,只要将/var/lib/mysql
的所有者改为mysql就OK了,执行命令chown -R mysql:mysql /var/lib/mysql
现在执行service mysql start终于可以启动mysql服务了。

 

3.安装MySQL客户端
  执行命令rpm -ivh MySQL-client-5.1.7-0.i386.rpm进行安装。

 

4.安装成功

  成功安装MySQL后将sql文件导入到数据库,步骤如下:

  进入MYSQL Command Line Client
  1、先创建数据库:create database test 注:test是创建数据库的名称
  2、再切换到当前数据库:use test
  3、再输入:. /root/test.sql 或 souce /root/test.sql

  按照以上步骤就可以将备份的sql脚本导入到linux中的数据库中去。